The Levelogger artesian well fitting makes monitoring of artesian conditions straightforward.
Monitoring of artesian conditions in which the piezometric surface is above ground surface or more particularly above the top of well casing elevation using Leveloggers can be quite straight forward.
Continuous artesian conditions infer that the piezometric surface never drops below the level the ground surface or particularly the top of casing elevation and the casing is sealed with a sealed wellhead. In this case, where freezing is not a concern, the Levelogger need only be installed on the wellhead itself by means of a large compression fitting with a 1/4" NPT connector. Solinst can supply a 7/8" nylon compression fitting for this purpose. First, a 1/4" NPT hole is tapped into the wellhead. The user slides the Levelogger into the compression fitting, leaving about 1/4 of the logger body exposed above the fitting. The compression fitting nut is tightened around the Levelogger. The 1/4" NPT connector on the bottom of the pressure chamber of the fitting threads into the hole in the sealed wellhead. The user can communicate with the logger simply by removing the logger cap and attaching the optical reader. Ensure that the logger and sealed wellhead are enclosed within an outer protective well cap or enclosure. This method should only be used in low pressure conditions (less than 30 psi or 66 ft (20 m) of water column).
When conducting artesian monitoring with Leveloggers a number of considerations must be kept in mind. First, ensure that the maximum hydraulic pressure the Levelogger will encounter within the well at its installation point will not exceed the hydraulic range of the logger. Second, artesian conditions do not preclude the necessity for barometric compensation of Levelogger data. Artesian conditions are caused by aquacludes forming confined aquifers. Confined aquifers, while not acted on by barometric pressure to the same extent as unconfined aquifers, are typically subject to barometric pressure at some barometric efficiency. Finally, bear in mind that the total pressure and subsequent water column equivalent depth measured by the Levelogger after barometric compensation may not represent the actual water level within the artesian well. Sealed intermittent artesian wells can be pressurized when artesian, but can also be de-pressurized when non artesian. The Levelogger’s reading after barometric compensation represent the height of the piezometric surface.
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